Testing TypeScript with Mocha and Chai

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Introduction

I am a huge fan of TDD, already wrote a couple of articles in this topic. In one of my recent projects I used Angular as a fronted framework. Usually I use Jasmine for testing in JavaScript (you can find the related article here). Jasmine should also work with TypeScript, but at that time, I got some issues while setting it up, so I looked for another testing framework to work with.

I found Mocha as a good solution used together with Chai assertion library. Let’s see how to set up the testing environment for TypeScript.

Installation

As a fist step we install the required packages with npm: mocha, chai, ts-node, and type definitions for both libraries:

Create the first test

Create a simple function for testing:

Let’s create our first test case, and assert that out function works as expected. Obviously in real TDD we should write the test first and the function afterwards, but for demonstration purposes it should be ok.

Run the tests

For running the test, we’ll add a script in the package.json, register ts-node to run mocha and set up the path where the tests can be found, in this example it would be under tests directory:

We can now run the tests with npm:

If everything goes well the test should run and you should see in the console output that it passes.

Conclusion

It is a matter of taste which testing library you choose, the most important thing is to have as many tests as possible, they help us create maintainable and stable applications which is desired in software development.

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